There are many calcium and magnesium salts in the water, called salts of hardness. They are capable of forming sediment, and are capable of adhering to the surfaces of pipes and devices. Water heaters, boilers, washing machines and other hot water appliances are particularly affected. When the water heats up, the salts will collapse more quickly and produce salps. This sediment creates clogs in the pipes and disables household appliances. An ion exchange resin type water filter is used to purify the water from such components. The ion exchange method is one of the most effective mitigation methods.